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partial cover image from "American Boys' Life of William McKinley"                                              
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 The American Experience: America 1900


This portion of the site provides the full text of McKinley’s two inaugural addresses, his last speech, a eulogy by John W. Griggs, and the 1898 Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War. Also includes some political cartoons. Produced by PBS and WGBH. [nonprofit resource]


 The American Presidency


Contains a 1,400-word biographical article on McKinley plus separate entries for his wife and two vice presidents (Hobart, Roosevelt). Includes several images, election data (1896, 1900), information on cabinet members, full text transcriptions of McKinley’s inaugural addresses, and excerpts from both his 1898 War Message and final speech. Produced by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. [corporate resource]


 American President: An Online Reference Resource


Contains factual and biographical information about McKinley and Roosevelt, their cabinets, staff/advisors, and wives. Also includes images plus timelines of key events. Produced by the University of Virginia’s Miller Center of Public Affairs. [academic resource]


 American Presidents: Life Portraits


Contains basic introductory information about McKinley and Roosevelt and their respective administrations. Includes bibliographies, video, external links, and teaching guides. Produced by C-SPAN. [corporate resource]




A basic search on William McKinley from this site’s main page yields results from a handful of reference resources, including Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, Gale Encyclopedia of Biography, and Oxford Guide to the US Government. Provides a standard array of information about McKinley’s life and political career plus a few images. Produced by Answers Corporation. [corporate resource]


 The Assassination of President William McKinley


A full-bodied illustrated article by Mark Gado. Produced by Crime Library, a product of truTV.com. [corporate resource]


 The Assassination of President McKinley: Selected Bibliography on Medical Aspects


A 12-item selected bibliography of medical articles relating to the McKinley assassination. Eight of the cited articles are linked to scanned images (PDF files) of the original documents. Produced by History of Medicine Collection, Health Sciences Library, University at Buffalo. [academic resource]




 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress


Offers highlights of McKinleys political career, an annotated list of related research collections, and a 42-item “Extended Bibliography.” Produced by the United States Congress. [government resource]




 Collected State of the Union Addresses of U.S. Presidents


Includes the full text of each of McKinleys four State of the Union addresses as well as Theodore Roosevelts first, which makes much mention of his predecessors assassination. Produced by Pearson Education. [corporate resource]




 The Despotism of the Popular: Anarchy and Leon Czolgosz at the Turn of the Century


A 4,500-word article by Chris Vials from Americana: The Journal of American Popular Culture (Fall 2004, v3n2) concerning anarchism and McKinleys assassin. Produced by AmericanPopularCulture.com, a product of Americana: The Institute for the Study of American Popular Culture. [nonprofit resource]




 The Election and Assassination of President William McKinley


A 7,600-word excerpt from The Great Republic by the Master Historians (vol. 4, 1902) concerning McKinleys electoral victories and assassination. Editorship of this work is attributed to Hubert H. Bancroft; however, this might be erroneous given that library catalog records cite Charles Morris as editor. Possibly Bancroft is merely the author of this excerpt. Produced by Public Bookshelf, a product of LoveToKnow Corp. [corporate resource]


 Erie County Hall and the Trial of President William McKinley’s Assassin


A short article from Benchmarks (Winter 2006, v2n1) spotlighting the courthouse where McKinley’s assassin, Czolgosz, was tried. Includes architectural information and a description of the assassination and Czolgosz trial. Produced by the New York State Unified Court System. [government resource]







 The Governors of Ohio, 1803-1971


Features a 1,200-word biographical essay on McKinley. From The Governors of Ohio (2nd ed., 1969), and provided by Ohio Historical Society. [nonprofit resource]




 His Last Speech


The full text of McKinley’s last speech, as given at the Pan-American Exposition at Buffalo, New York, the day before he was shot. From The World’s Famous Orations (v10, 1906), edited by William Jennings Bryan, and provided by Bartleby.com, Inc. [corporate resource]


 Historical Election Results


Denotes state-by-state electoral vote results for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates in the 1896 and 1900 elections. Produced by the Office of the Federal Register, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. [government resource]




 Ida Saxton McKinley


A short biographical article about McKinley’s wife. Produced by Women in History. [nonprofit resource]


 Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States


Contains the full text of McKinley’s two inaugural addresses. Produced by Bartleby.com. [corporate resource]


 Info Minute: The Assassination of William McKinley


An original comedic one-minute video distilling the basics of the McKinley assassination. Dated 22 November 2007. Produced by heymikehenry. [nonprofit resource]










 The Last Days of a President: Films of McKinley and the Pan-American Exposition, 1901


Presents twenty-eight Edison Manufacturing Company films, some of which depict McKinley’s second inauguration, his activities at the Pan-American Exposition, and scenes from his funeral. Produced by the Library of Congress. [government resource]


 Life Portrait of William McKinley


A lengthy 1999 video (2 hr. 36 min.) in which historians, scholars, and educators discuss the life, political career, and assassination of William McKinley. Examines correspondence and artifacts housed at the McKinley Museum and at the McKinley National Memorial. Links to other related videos appear on this same page. Produced by C-SPAN . [corporate resource]


 “Lights Out in the City of Light”: Anarchy and Assassination at the Pan-American Exposition


Created as part of a larger commemoration of the centennial of the Pan-American Exposition (Illuminations: Revisiting the Buffalo Pan-American Exposition of 1901). Includes numerous images with a generous helping of commentary relating to McKinley’s visit to the Pan-American Exposition, turn-of-the-century anarchy, the assassination, and the trial of assassin Leon Czolgosz. Produced by the University at Buffalo Libraries. [academic resource]




 McKinley Memorial Library, Museum, and Birthplace Home


A collective website providing access to and information about the McKinley Memorial Library, the McKinley Museum, and National McKinley Birthplace Memorial of Niles, Ohio. Provides biographical and genealogical information, numerous images, and the “McKinley Web Finder” annotated list of web-based resources. Produced by the McKinley Memorial Library. [government resource]


 Monument to William McKinley


Features a photograph of the Civil War Antietam battlefield’s William McKinley Monument, reproduces the monument text, and includes background information. Produced by the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. [government resource]




 National First Ladies’ Library


Features a biographical article (perhaps the best available online), bibliography, and selection of lesson plans relating to Ida Saxton McKinley, the president’s wife. Notably, the Saxton McKinley House (Canton, Ohio), Ida’s family home, now houses the National First Ladies’ Library. The website offers information about the house and its continuing restoration. An “online tour” provides interior images accompanied by commentary. Produced by the National First Ladies’ Library. [nonprofit resource]




 Official Daily Program of the Pan-American Exposition


Includes image of cover and five interior pages from the 5 September 1901 “President’s Day” issue of the Pan-American program. Enumerates musical performances, general goings on, and detail of President McKinley’s itinerary. Produced by the University at Buffalo Libraries as part of its Illuminations: Revisiting the Buffalo Pan-American Exposition of 1901 online exhibit. [academic resource]


 Ohio History Central


Features a 1,000-word article on McKinley’s life and political career. Produced by the Ohio Historical Society. [nonprofit resource]


 Ohio Memory


Accessing the subject heading listing and clicking on the links for William McKinley yields nearly 100 descriptive records with photographs of people and events as well as images of publications, correspondence, sheet music, clothing, furniture, campaign paraphernalia, and miscellaneous artifacts. Produced by the Ohio Historical Society and the State Library of Ohio. [nonprofit and government resource]






A single page on McKinley containing biographical information, statistics, names of cabinet members, and links to external sites. A link to the Roosevelt page appears at the bottom. Produced by ipl2, a self-described public service organization. [academic resource]


 President William McKinley: Assassinated by an Anarchist


An article on the assassination by Wyatt Kingseed from American History magazine. Produced by TheHistoryNet, a product of the Weider History Group. [corporate resource]


 The Presidential Elections, 1860-1912


Features a generous sampling of political cartoons from Harper’s Weekly, Judge, and Puck relating to the 1896 and 1900 presidential elections (29 and 55 images, respectively). Each cartoon is accompanied by an explanatory note. Other components include campaign overviews, biographical sketches of presidential and vice-presidential candidates, and reviews of major events. Produced by HarpWeek, LLC. [corporate resource]


 The Presidents of the United States (a)


A 1,000-word biographical article. Includes six images, one of which links to a separate descriptive entry for the McKinley Tomb at Canton, Ohio. Produced by the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. [government resource]


 The Presidents of the United States (b)


Features a 500-word article on McKinley, with links to a biography of his wife and a short children’s biographical resource on the president. Produced by the White House. [government resource]










 Speech That Prompted Murderous Assault on the President


Full text of an article in the 8 September 1901 Chicago Daily Tribune detailing a public speech Emma Goldman gave in Cleveland, Ohio, a copy of which was purportedly found in the pocket of assassin Leon Czolgosz. The “Exhibits” link at the page’s bottom leads back to the menu, which includes an image of the original document. Produced by Emma Goldman Papers, a product of the University of California Berkeley. [academic resource]




 Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site


Roosevelt’s inauguration as president, only hours after McKinley’s death, took place at the Ansley Wilcox residence, now an historical landmark in Buffalo, New York. This website provides information about the residence and its history, the Pan-American Exposition, McKinley’s assassination, and Roosevelt’s inauguration. Includes numerous images and descriptive aids (for adults and children) as well as information pertaining to visitor access/use of the building and its on-site resources. Produced by the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. [government resource]




Provides the full text of McKinley’s two inaugural addresses, four State of the Union addresses, and 1898 War Message. Theodore Roosevelts first State of the Union address, also included, makes much mention of the assassination. Produced by ThisNation.com. [corporate resource]







 Vincent Voice Library


Features two brief audio recordings of McKinley: 1) giving a campaign speech in 1896 (preceded by general commentary on the election by William Wedge); 2) giving an address at the Pan-American Exposition, September 1901. Produced by Michigan State University Libraries. [academic resource]




 William McKinley


Includes a brief introductory essay and photographs, plus links to related content (e.g., Ida McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt). Provides a link to a three-minute director’s commentary video clip detailing the making of “Murder at the Fair: The Assassination of President McKinley,” a portion of the History Channel documentary, 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America. Produced by History.com, a product of A&E Television Networks. [corporate resource]


 William McKinley Presidential Library & Museum


Provides basic information about facilities, services, offerings of this Canton, Ohio, institution. Notably, the Ramsayer Research Library boasts a 25,000-piece collection that includes the presidential papers, manuscripts, photographs, books, correspondence, and audio/visual recordings of the history of William McKinley. [nonprofit resource]











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