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Source: The Authentic Life of William McKinley
Source type: book
Document type: book chapter
Document title: “Nearing the End” [chapter 17]
Author(s): McClure, Alexander K.; Morris, Charles
Edition: Memorial edition
Publisher: none given
Place of publication: none given
Year of publication: 1901
Pagination: 290-301 (excerpt below includes only pages 295-97)

McClure, Alexander K., and Charles Morris. “Nearing the End” [chapter 17]. The Authentic Life of William McKinley. Memorial ed. [n.p.]: [n.p.], 1901: pp. 290-301.
excerpt of chapter
Pan-American Exposition.
Named persons
William McKinley.
From title page: The Authentic Life of William McKinley, Our Third Martyr President: Together with a Life Sketch of Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States; Also Memorial Tributes by Statesmen, Ministers, Orators and Rulers of All Countries; Profusely Illustrated with Reproductions from Original Photographs, Original Drawings and Special Pictures of the Family by Express Permission from the Owners.

From title page: Introduction and Biography by Alexander K. McClure, Author of the “Life and Times of Abraham Lincoln.”

From title page: The Life and Public Career by Charles Morris, LL.D., Author of the “Life of Queen Victoria.”


Nearing the End [excerpt]

     Among the events of the opening year of the twentieth century one of the most interesting was the Pan-American Exposition, [295][296] held in the city of Buffalo, N. Y., from May 1st to November 1st. This project was first planned in 1897, the exposition to be held on a small scale, in 1899, on Cayuga Island, near Niagara Falls. The Spanish-American War, however, checked the project, and when it was revived it was on a more ambitious scale. Buffalo was chosen as the site, and the original fifty acres were expanded into 330 acres, the ground chosen including the most beautiful portions of Delaware Park. A fund of $5,000,000 was provided by the city and citizens of Buffalo, appropriations were made by the State of New York and the Federal Government, and the work was begun on an estimate of $10,000,000 of expenditures.


     The purpose of this Exposition is clearly indicated in its name. It concerned itself solely with the countries of the two Americas and the new possessions of the United States, of which it was proposed to show the progress during the nineteenth century, a leading object of the enterprise being to bring into closer relations, commercially and socially, the republics and colonies of the Western Hemisphere and promote intercourse between their peoples. The Department of State, in June, 1899, invited the various governments of the American Continents to take part in the enterprise, and acceptances were very generally received.
     The preparations made for the Exposition were of the most admirable character, and, when completed, the grounds and buildings presented a magnificent scene. While on a smaller scale than the Philadelphia and Chicago World’s Fairs, the Buffalo Fair surpassed all previous ones in architectural beauty. Instead of presenting the pure white of the Columbian Exposition, there was a generous use of brilliant colors and rich tints, which gave a glowing rainbow effect to the artistically grouped buildings; the general style of architecture being a free treatment of the Spanish Renaissance, in compliment to the Latin American countries taking part. The elaborate hydraulic and fountain arrangements, the [296][297] horticultural and floral settings, and the sculptural ornamentation, added greatly to the general effect.
     Of the varied elements of the display, that of electricity stood first, the enormous electrical plant at Niagara and its connection by wire with Buffalo affording unequalled facilities in this direction. The Electric Tower, 375 feet high, was the centre-piece of the Exposition, the edifice itself being stately and beautiful and its electric display on the grandest scale. The vari-colored electrical fountain was strikingly beautiful. There were winding canals, caverns, and grottoes, water cascades, towers, domes and pinnacles, and other objects of attraction, not the least of them the Midway, with its diversified display, a feature which has become indispensable to all recent enterprises of this character. We have spoken especially of this superb Fair from the sad relations which President McKinley was to hold to it—a subject of national grief which we reserve for later treatment.



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