The Outlook on Foreign Affairs [excerpt]
The Czar has come and seen and not exactly conquered;
in fact, Paris is not altogether delighted at having been ignored.
But there were good reasons for the omission of a Parisian visit.
The crime at Buffalo must have warned the Russian Court, and still
more the French police, of the danger of crowds; and the Nationalists
on the Paris Municipal Council would have done their best to “capture”
the Czar for their party or make trouble.
Honour and grief have been given their proper display
in the solemn funeral of President McKinley, and his successor has
taken up the reins of government. President Roosevelt’s first utterances
seem to show that he means to follow out the commercial policy announced
just before his death by the late President. The tragedy that followed
somewhat obscured the importance of that declaration. The author
of one of the most rigid protective tariffs ever devised said in
effect that rigid protection had had its day and the time was come
for reciprocity. He had realised that American industry had outgrown
the supports of an exclusive tariff, and that no nation can export
without importing as well, unless it takes the world in pawn or
accumulates useless gold. Now a world in pawn to one state would
probably repudiate the liability, and the one state could not enforce
the obligation. Therefore reciprocity must replace exclusion.
President Roosevelt is likely to go more heartily
than his predecessor into the negotiation of reciprocity treaties.
He has never been personally identified with protectionism as was
Mr. McKinley, and his attitude towards the great trusts built up
under the shadow of the tariffs has been one of hostility. It will
be impossible for the party press of the United States to represent
him as the henchman of the capitalists with any probability. A jingo
he will be called, no doubt, but he has seen war and made war, and
that should be enough to make any intelligent man peaceful.