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"Hello, I'm William McKinley."
partial cover image from "American Boys' Life of William McKinley"                                              
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 Key Individuals

George B. Cortelyou Private Secretary to President McKinley. Present during attack upon the president. Present during Rooseveltís swearing in.
Leon Czolgosz Assassin who attacks President McKinley.
Loran L. Lewis Court-appointed defense attorney (1 of 2) for assassin.
Ida McKinley First Lady. Wife of President McKinley.
William McKinley Twenty-fifth president of the United States.
John G. Milburn President of Pan-American Exposition at whose Buffalo, NY, residence President McKinley lodges from arrival until death. Present during attack upon the president. Present during Rooseveltís swearing in.
James B. Parker African American exposition employee waiting in line immediately behind assassin. Allegedly first person to lay hands upon the assassin following the gunshots.
Thomas Penney District Attorney, Erie County, NY. Prosecutes court case against assassin.
Theodore Roosevelt Vice-president of the United States. Succeeds to presidency upon McKinleyís death.
Robert C. Titus Court-appointed defense attorney (2 of 2) for assassin.
Truman C. White New York State Supreme Court judge presiding over assassinís trial and sentencing.

 

 

 McKinley Cabinet Members (at time of assassination)

Lyman J. Gage Secretary of the Treasury.
John W. Griggs Attorney General.
John Hay Secretary of State.
Ethan A. Hitchcock Secretary of the Interior.
John D. Long Secretary of the Navy. Present during Rooseveltís swearing in.
Elihu Root Secretary of War. Present during Rooseveltís swearing in.
Charles Emory Smith Postmaster General. Present during Rooseveltís swearing in.
James Wilson Secretary of Agriculture. Present during Rooseveltís swearing in.

 

 

 Medical Personnel Attending the President

Mary D. Barnes Nurse assisting in presidentís surgery. Prepares Milburn residence for presidentís convalescence. Temporary member of post-surgical medical team caring for president.
Rose Baron Nurse assisting in presidentís surgery.
B. J. Bixby Medical student assisting in preparations for presidentís surgery. Prepares Milburn residence for presidentís convalescence.
Jennie Connolly Nurse. Member of post-surgical medical team caring for president.
Elizabeth Dorchester Nurse assisting in presidentís surgery.
Palmer A. Eliot Acting Steward, U. S. Army Hospital Corps. Serves as orderly in post-surgical medical team caring for president.
T. Frederick Ellis Medical student. Drives ambulance delivering president to expositionís emergency hospital.
George McKenzie Hall Physician attending president in ambulance en route to expositionís emergency hospital. Assists in presidentís surgery.
John Hodgins Private, U. S. Army Hospital Corps. Serves as orderly in post-surgical medical team caring for president.
Evelyn Hunt Nurse. Member of post-surgical medical team caring for president. In the service of Mrs. McKinley prior to and following the assassination.
Edward Wallace Lee Physician. Present on exposition grounds during the attack. Assists in presidentís surgery.
Edward C. Mann Medical student attending president in ambulance en route to expositionís emergency hospital. Assists in presidentís surgery.
Matthew D. Mann Physician who operates upon President McKinley. Member of post-surgical medical team caring for president. Witnesses presidentís autopsy. Present during Rooseveltís swearing in. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Herman G. Matzinger Physician, assisting post-surgical medical team. Performs autopsy on president (with Dr. Harvey R. Gaylord). Testifies before grand jury.
Charles McBurney Physician. Member of post-surgical medical team caring for president.
Grace McKenzie Nurse. Member of post-surgical medical team caring for president.
Maud Mohan Nurse. Member of post-surgical medical team caring for president.
Margaret Morris Nurse assisting in presidentís surgery.
Herman Mynter Physician assisting in presidentís surgery. Member of post-surgical medical team caring for president. Witnesses presidentís autopsy. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Roswell Park Medical Director, Pan-American Exposition. Member of post-surgical medical team caring for president. Witnesses presidentís autopsy.
John Parmenter Physician assisting in presidentís surgery.
Presley M. Rixey Medical Inspector, U. S. Navy. President and Mrs. McKinleyís personal physician. Assists in presidentís surgery. Member of post-surgical medical team caring for president. Witnesses presidentís autopsy.
Mary Shannon Nurse assisting in presidentís surgery.
Katherine Simmons Nurse assisting in presidentís surgery. Prepares Milburn residence for presidentís convalescence. Temporary member of post-surgical medical team caring for president.
Burton T. Simpson Medical student assisting in presidentís surgery.
Charles G. Stockton Physician. Witnesses presidentís surgery. Member of post-surgical medical team caring for president. Witnesses presidentís autopsy.
Ernest Vollmeyer Private, U. S. Army Hospital Corps. Serves as orderly in post-surgical medical team caring for president.
Adella Walters Superintendent of Nurses, Pan-American Exposition.
Eugene Wasdin Surgeon, U. S. Marine Hospital Service. Administers anesthesia during presidentís surgery. Member of post-surgical medical team caring for president. Witnesses presidentís autopsy.
Nelson W. Wilson Sanitary Officer, Pan-American Exposition. Physician in charge of expositionís emergency hospital until arrival of Roswell Park, exposition medical director. Witnesses presidentís surgery.

 

 

 Other Medical Personnel (not otherwise listed herein)

Hermanus L. Baer Physician. Nephew-in-law of McKinley. Witnesses presidentís autopsy.
Howard F. Bonesteel Physician. Attends assassinís execution.
Charles Cary Physician, Buffalo, NY. Witnesses presidentís autopsy. Present during Rooseveltís swearing in.
Floyd S. Crego Physician (1 of 3) who evaluates assassinís sanity for district attorney.
Fred A. Darrin Druggist, Buffalo, NY. Provides goods and services to presidentís post-surgical medical team.
Joseph Fowler Police Surgeon, Buffalo, NY. Witnesses presidentís surgery. Physician (2 of 3) who evaluates assassinís sanity for district attorney.
Harvey R. Gaylord Pathologist, Buffalo, NY. Performs autopsy on President McKinley (with Dr. Herman G. Matzinger). Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
John Gerin Prison Physician, Auburn State Prison, Auburn, NY. Official physician (1 of 2) attending assassinís execution and autopsy.
Devillo W. Harrington Physician, Buffalo, NY. Witnesses presidentís surgery.
Arthur W. Hurd President, Buffalo State Hospital for the Insane. Physician (1 of 2) who evaluates assassinís sanity for defense attorneys.
Edward G. Janeway Physician, New York, NY. Summoned for consultation shortly before presidentís death. Witnesses presidentís autopsy.
William W. Johnston Physician, Washington, DC. Summoned for consultation shortly before presidentís death. Witnesses presidentís autopsy.
W. P. Kendall Surgeon, U. S. Army. Witnesses presidentís autopsy.
Edward A. Kingston Druggist, Buffalo, NY. Provides goods and services to presidentís post-surgical medical team.
Carlos F. MacDonald Former president of New York State Commission in Lunacy. Physician (2 of 2) who evaluates assassinís sanity for defense attorneys. Official physician (2 of 2) attending assassinís execution and autopsy.
Edward L. Munson Assistant Surgeon, U. S. Army. Witnesses presidentís autopsy.
James W. Putnam Physician (3 of 3) who evaluates assassinís sanity for district attorney.
Edward A. Spitzka Anatomist who performs autopsy upon assassin.
Willis D. Storer Physician, Chicago, IL. Present at emergency hospital (as visitor) when president arrives by ambulance. Witnesses presidentís surgery.
Peter W. Van Peyma Physician, Buffalo, NY. Witnesses presidentís surgery.
John M. Withrow Physician, Cincinnati, OH. Present at emergency hospital (as visitor) when president arrives by ambulance. Briefly lends assistance.

 

 

 Jury for Assassinís Trial

Robert J. Adams Contractor.
Silas Carmer Farmer.
Walter E. Everett Blacksmith.
Richard J. Garwood Foreman.
Frederick V. Lauer Plumber.
William Loton Farmer.
Joachim H. Mertens Boot and shoe dealer.
Ben C. Ralph Bank cashier.
Andrew J. Smith Butter and egg dealer.
James S. Stygall, Jr. Plumber.
Samuel P. Waldow Farmer.
Henry W. Wendt Manufacturer. Jury foreman.

 

 

 Witness Jury for Assassinís Execution

Harry H. Bender State Superintendent of Public Buildings. Resident of Albany, NY.
Ashley W. Cole Chairman, State Board of Railroad Commissioners. Resident of Albany, NY.
Henry Oliver Ely Physician. Resident of Binghamton, NY. Also witnesses assassinís autopsy.
William A. Howe Physician. Resident of Phelps, NY. Also witnesses assassinís autopsy.
Charles R. Huntley Businessman. Resident of Buffalo, NY. Also witnesses assassinís autopsy.
John P. Jaeckel State Treasurer. Resident of Auburn, NY. Jury foreman.
O. L. Ingalls Resident of Westfield, NY.
Charles R. Skinner State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Resident of Albany, NY.
John A. Sleicher Editor, Leslieís Weekly. Resident of New York, NY.
Grosvenor R. Trowbridge Physician. Resident of Buffalo, NY. Also witnesses assassinís autopsy.
George Weston Resident of Norwich, NY.
William D. Wolff Physician. Resident of Rochester, NY. Also witnesses assassinís autopsy.

 

 

 Assassinís Immediate Family Members

Celia Czolgosz Sister (younger).
Charles Czolgosz Stepbrother (younger).
Frank Czolgosz Brother (older).
Jacob Czolgosz Brother (younger).
John Czolgosz Brother (younger).
Joseph Czolgosz Brother (older).
Katherine Metzfaltr Czolgosz Stepmother.
Mary Czolgosz Mother (deceased).
Michael Czolgosz Brother (younger).
Paul Czolgosz Father.
Tony Czolgosz Stepbrother (younger).
Victoria Czolgosz Sister (younger).
Waldeck Czolgosz Brother (older).
Walter Czolgosz Brother (younger).

 

 

 Other Notable Individuals

Edward G. Andrews Bishop, Methodist Episcopal Church. Gives eulogy at presidentís funeral ceremony in Washington, DC.
Louis L. Babcock Grand marshal of ceremonies during presidentís visit to Pan-American Exposition. Present during attack upon the president. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Thomas Bandowski Brother-in-law of assassin.
C. R. Berrien Press representative, Laffan News Bureau. Attends assassinís execution.
Louis Bertschey Corporal, Coast Artillery, U. S. Army. Present during attack upon the president. Helps subdue assassin. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Harry A. Bliss Crime scene photographer. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
John Wilkes Booth Assassin (deceased) of President Abraham Lincoln.
John Branch Exposition employee. Present during attack upon the president. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Gaetano Bresci Assassin (deceased) of Humbert I, King of Italy.
Herbert Brooks Private, Coast Artillery, U. S. Army. Present during attack upon the president. Helps subdue assassin. Testifies before grand jury.
William S. Bull Superintendent of Police, Buffalo, NY. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
William I. Buchanan Director General, Pan-American Exposition.
Samuel Caldwell Sheriff, Erie County, NY. Escorts assassin by train to Auburn State Prison, Auburn, NY, from Buffalo. Witnesses assassinís execution.
Marie FranÁois Sadi Carnot President, France. Assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio in 1894.
Grover Cleveland Sole living former U. S. president at time of assassination.
Charles J. Close In charge of arrangements for presidentís public reception at exposition. Present during attack upon the president. Testifies before grand jury.
Cornelius V. Collins Superintendent of State Prisons, New York.
George E. Corner Chief of Police, Cleveland, OH.
Mike Cronin Adirondack guide who drives Vice President Roosevelt at night by carriage sixteen miles to train station at North Creek, NY.
Patrick V. Cusack Assistant Superintendent of Police, Buffalo, NY. Testifies before grand jury.
William A. Damer Commander of exposition guards. Testifies before grand jury.
Edwin F. Davis State Electrician, New York. Electrocutes assassin.
Harry A. Davis Western Union bicycle messenger assigned to Milburn residence. Present in Temple of Music moments after attack upon the president.
Conrad Diehl Mayor, Buffalo, NY.
Sarah Elizabeth Duncan Sister (older) of President McKinley.
Thomas L. Elder Western Union telegrapher stationed at Milburn residence.
Elizabeth Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary. Assassinated by Luigi Luccheni in 1898.
Edward K. Emery Judge, County Court, Erie County, NY. Presides over assassinís arraignment. Assigns defense attorneys.
Samuel J. Fields Chief Engineer, Pan-American Exposition. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Ivey Fnenbeugh Private, Coast Artillery, U. S. Army. Present during attack upon the president. Testifies before grand jury.
George F. Foster Secret Service agent (1 of 2) guarding President McKinley during attack. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Hyacinthe Fudzinski Catholic priest (1 of 3) who visits assassin in Auburn State Prison.
Albert Gallaher Secret Service agent (2 of 2) guarding President McKinley during attack. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
John J. Geary Buffalo police detective. Present during attack upon the president. Testifies before grand jury.
Emma Goldman Russian-born American anarchist suspected of complicity in the attack upon President McKinley.
George Edward Graham Press representative, Associated Press. Attends assassinís execution.
Charles J. Guiteau Assassin (deceased) of President James A. Garfield.
Frederick Haller Assistant District Attorney, Erie County, NY. Gives opening statement for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Murat Halstead Journalist and author. Attends assassinís execution and autopsy.
Marcus Hanna U. S. Senator, Ohio. Intimate friend and close political ally of President McKinley.
John R. Hazel U. S. District Court Judge, Western District of New York. Administers presidential oath of office to Theodore Roosevelt following President McKinleyís death.
William Randolph Hearst Newspaper publisher popularly perceived as championing brand of news sensationalism known as ďyellow journalism.Ē
William Heiser Private, Coast Artillery, U. S. Army. Present during attack upon the president. Helps subdue assassin.
Harry F. Henshaw Superintendent of Music, Pan-American Exposition. Present during attack upon the president. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Cordello C. Herrick Prison Chaplain, Auburn State Prison, Auburn, NY. Present at assassinís execution.
J. J. Hickey Catholic priest (2 of 3) who visits assassin in Auburn State Prison.
Humbert I (Umberto I) King of Italy. Assassinated by Gaetano Bresci in 1900.
Abraham Isaak Russian-born American anarchist and publisher of Free Society.
Homer James Exposition guard. Present during attack upon the president. Helps subdue assassin. Testifies before grand jury.
E. C. Knapp Exposition visitor. Present during attack upon the president. Testifies before grand jury.
Carlton E. Ladd Attorney assisting assassinís legal defense team.
Thomas Lightfoot White House staffer. Serves as messenger at Milburn residence.
Charles Edward Locke Pastor, Delaware Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church, Buffalo, NY. Presides over presidentís funeral ceremony at Milburn residence in Buffalo.
C. E. Manchester Pastor, First Methodist Episcopal Church, Canton, OH. Gives eulogy at presidentís funeral ceremony in Canton.
John McCauley Exposition guard. Present during attack upon the president. Helps subdue assassin.
Abner McKinley Brother (younger) of President McKinley.
Helen McKinley Sister (older) of President McKinley.
J. Warren Mead Warden, Auburn State Prison, Auburn, NY.
Martin Merkle Exposition guard. Present during attack upon the president. Testifies before grand jury.
Harry Michie White House staffer. Allegedly present during attack upon the president. Serves as messenger at Milburn residence.
Johann Most German-born American anarchist and publisher of Freiheit.
Louis Neff Private, Coast Artillery, U. S. Army. Present during attack upon the president. Helps subdue assassin. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
John Nowak Hotel owner at whose Buffalo establishment assassin lodges.
Francis P. OíBrien Private, Coast Artillery, U. S. Army. Present during attack upon the president. Helps subdue assassin and seizes murder weapon. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Benjamin B. Odell, Jr. Governor, New York.
Francis OíNeill General Superintendent of Police, Chicago, IL.
George R. Peck Editor, Auburn Advertiser. Attends assassinís execution.
James L. Quackenbush Exposition employee. Present during attack upon the president. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Charles F. Rattigan Editor, Auburn Bulletin. Attends assassinís execution.
Edward R. Rice Chairman of committee on ceremonies for presidentís visit to Pan-American Exposition. Present during attack upon the president. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Alexander R. Robertson Assistant commandant of exposition police. Testifies before grand jury.
Edith Roosevelt Wife of Vice President Roosevelt. Becomes First Lady upon her husbandís accession to the presidency.
Albert Solomon Buffalo police detective. Present during attack upon the president. Testifies before grand jury.
Theophilus Szadzinski Catholic priest (3 of 3) who visits assassin in Auburn State Prison.
Charles Tharin White House staffer. Serves as messenger at Milburn residence.
Walter N. Thayer Former warden of Clinton State Prison, Dannemora, NY. Assists warden of Auburn State Prison. Attends assassinís execution.
J. F. Tremain Press representative, Publishersí Press. Attends assassinís execution.
James F. Vallely Chief of exposition detectives. Testifies before grand jury. Witness for prosecution at assassinís trial.
Ansley Wilcox Attorney at whose Buffalo, NY, residence Vice President Roosevelt is sworn in as president. Present during Rooseveltís swearing in.

 

 

 Individuals Present at the Attack (not otherwise listed herein)

Violet Abrams Resident of Seattle, WA.
George R. Andreas Resident of Wilkes-Barre, PA.
Frank Arcara Resident of Buffalo, NY.
John F. Atkinson Resident of Rome, NY.
Mary Atkinson Resident of Rome, NY.
Manuel de Azpiroz Mexican ambassador to the United States.
Richard H. Barry Press representative for Buffalo Enquirer.
Adelbert D. Baughman Resident of Charlotte, MI.
Bernard C. Benedict Resident of Syracuse, NY.
W. L. Bennett Resident of Eden Mills, VT.
J. R. Blair Resident of Oklahoma City, OK Territory.
Stephen W. Bolles Superintendent, Press Department, Pan-American Exposition.
Cora Burrell Resident of Canisteo, NY.
Teresa Casey Calteaux Resident of Batavia, NY. Allegedly fifth person behind assassin in receiving line.
Margaret Casey Resident of St. Louis, MO. Allegedly seventh person behind assassin in receiving line.
Mary Casey Resident of Batavia, NY. Allegedly sixth person behind assassin in receiving line.
Edward P. Clancy Resident of Indianapolis, IN. Allegedly ahead of assassin in receiving line.
Frederick M. Clark Resident of Ely, NV.
Clinton Colegrove Resident of Holland, NY. Ahead of assassin in receiving line (second person to shake presidentís hand).
William Commerford Resident of Boonville, NY.
William H. Coon Resident of Batavia, NY. Allegedly behind assassin in receiving line.
Alfred Davis Resident of Forest City, PA.
Soford F. Dixon Resident of Seagrave, Canada. Allegedly ahead of assassin in receiving line.
Charles H. Dolbeer Resident of Batavia, NY. Allegedly ahead of assassin in receiving line.
Florence M. Dolbeer Resident of Batavia, NY. Allegedly ahead of assassin in receiving line.
O. E. Doubleday Resident of Elkhart, IA.
Tillie Duggan Resident of Des Moines, IA.
J. W. Everly Resident of Strasburg, VA.
Andrew J. Flanagan Resident of Springfield, MA.
T. M. Geddes Resident of Clarksburg, Canada.
Thomas R. Gibson Resident of Romulus, NY.
William J. Gilsdorf Electrician. Working in Temple of Music during presidentís public reception.
John Gilson Resident of Port Washington, WI. Allegedly second behind assassin in receiving line.
William J. Gomph Official exposition organist. Performing in Temple of Music during presidentís public reception.
Bessie Greenwood Resident of Hornellsville, NY. Singer scheduled to perform in Temple of Music during presidentís public reception.
Michael Guiheen Resident of Brattleboro, VT.
Anna Kendall Hardy Resident of Rushford, NY.
Molly A. Jaquin Resident of Syracuse, NY.
Joseph G. Jarvis Resident of Cortland, NY.
Samuel H. Kash Resident of Manchester, KY. Allegedly ahead of assassin in receiving line.
Hayman Katz Resident of Middleburgh, PA.
C. L. Kneisley Resident of Strasburg, VA.
Mary G. Kneisley Resident of Strasburg, VA.
Joseph A. Krainik Resident of Milwaukee, WI. Allegedly behind assassin in receiving line.
Max R. Kubatz Private, Coast Artillery, U. S. Army. On duty during attack upon the president.
Charles B. Lane Resident of Phillipsburg, KS.
T. M. Langan Resident of Des Moines, IA.
Edward Leininger Resident of Buffalo, NY.
Frank W. Lilley Resident of Clarence, NY.
Charles J. P. Lucas Resident of Cambridge, MA. Athlete competing at exposition. Allegedly fourth behind assassin in receiving line.
Tot Maher Resident of Sioux City, IA.
Elizabeth Mahley Resident of Syracuse, NY. Allegedly sixth person ahead of assassin in receiving line.
James B. Mercer Resident of Elmira, NY.
La Frone Merriman Resident of Hornellsville, NY. Music teacher and conductor of Bessie Greenwood (above).
James W. Miller Resident of Des Moines, IA.
James B. Moyer Resident of Elmira, NY.
D. E. Osborne Resident of St. Helena, CA.
Frederick G. W. Osborne Resident of Painted Post, NY.
R. H. Probert Resident of Akron, OH.
J. W. Ransom Resident of Globe, AZ Territory.
Jennie Richardson Resident of Sioux City, IA.
David Sanders Resident of Paducah, KY.
Charles N. Sargent Resident of Big Timber, MT.
Maude Cowan Sargent Resident of Big Timber, MT.
John N. Scatcherd Chairman of the executive committee of the Pan-American Exposition.
Charles E. Sherman Resident of Chloride, AZ Territory.
H. C. Silver Press representative (possibly for Pittsburgh Commercial Gazette).
Grace E. Smith Resident of Nashua, NH.
George Van Etta Resident of Skaneateles, NY. Allegedly ahead of assassin in receiving line.
Linwood Vincent Resident of Richmond, VA.
Mamie Vincent Resident of Richmond, VA.
John F. Von Muegge Resident of Chillicothe, OH.
John D. Wells Press representative for Buffalo Review.
A. H. Willett Resident of Portland, OR.

 

 Individuals Present on the Exposition Grounds during the Attack (not otherwise listed herein)

John T. Barclay Resident of Baltimore, MD.
A. J. Connell Resident of Scranton, PA.
Dana Malone Resident of Greenfield, MA.
William G. Packard Resident of Greenfield, MA.
Florence Dexter Spalding Resident of Nashua, NH.
William E. Spalding Resident of Nashua, NH.
Lyman Tillotson Resident of Yonkers, NY.
Sarah Hickenlooper Withrow Resident of Cincinnati, OH.

 


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