To McKim, Mead & White, New York
City, have been awarded the prize of $1,000 for the design of a
memorial to William McKinley, to be erected at his birth place,
Niles, Ohio. The judges for the competition were Edgerton Swartout
and Charles A. Platt, New York City, and Edward B. Green, of Buffalo,
N. Y. Mr. Platt is an architect as well in landscape gardens as
in buildings. Mr. Swartout was the designer of the Washington Memorial
building, and Mr. Green planned the Museum of Fine Arts in Buffalo.
The cost of the building will be approximately $200,000, which has
been raised by national subscription by the active work of the McKinley
Memorial Association, organized in 1911 for the purpose. The city
of Niles made a bond issue for $150,000 with which to purchase property
in order to create a suitable site for the memorial. The “square”
at Niles will be converted into a park and carefully landscaped.
In its center will be erected the memorial which will be a long,
low building of white marble. Seen from the approach on Main street
[sic], the building will be dominated by its central feature,
a colonnade or propylaea leading into a court of honor.
This court, the atrium of the old
Roman palaces where the statue of the household god stood, is the
climax of the entire structure. It is to be modeled in careful detail
as well as in general construction after the old Pompeiian atria.
In the middle of the court there is to be the sunken pool which
was the feature of every Roman house of any pretensions. Surrounding
the court there will be a peristyle of Greek Doric columns, especially
made for the reception of the statue of President McKinley.
This statue, the sculptor of which
has not yet been announced, is to be of heroic size and to be executed
in bronze. It will be visible between the open columns of the facade
which form the only entrance to the court, from a considerable distance
on the main street.
The aisle formed by the peristyle
is designed to receive additional works of sculpture, but the chief
feature will be a series of memorial tablets to the donors of the
building, the statuary and other works of art. The treatment of
these tablets is planned to be a departure from the accepted form.
Behind the peristyle the walls are to have a band of mosaic in dull
Pompeiian colors, but this, both in design and color, will be simple
The auditorium occupies the right
wing of the building [and] on the opposite side is the library.