The Exposition in Its Medical Aspects
THE Pan-American Exposition has been in operation for four months
and now has become familiar to a vast number of people, either by
personal visitation or through oral and written accounts of what
has been seen and described by visitors.
That the verdict of this vast throng
of witnesses is one of approval may be observed in the steadily
increasing attendance, the totals, per diem, jumping from thousands
numbered in the forties during the first week in August, to those
bordering on the eighties in the last week of the scorpion month.
This is a gratifying condition, but it should be increased to the
hundred thousand a day mark for the next two months, and we have
no doubt these figures will be reached.
To the medical man there is much of
special interest to be observed and studied at the fair, in addition
to the vast exhibition of art work, machinery, agricultural material,
colonial specialties and products, government displays and so on,
to a never-ending accumulation of everything that can be raised
or made by the hand of man. In the August issue of the J
we published a lengthy review of the medical and surgical side of
the Exposition, written by the special correspondent of the Boston
Medical and Surgical Journal, who presented the subject in an
attractive and readable form, displaying the trained observer in
We now present to our readers a similar
review of the same field, written by the special correspondent of
the New York Medical Record, who is an equally keen observer
as well as writer.  There
may be discovered some little repetition in these two accounts,
but each presents his own ideas from separate viewpoints and, taken
together, they will afford to physicians the best possible penpictures
of the medical features of the exposition. We feel sure they will
be read with interest, and we cannot urge the exposition too strongly
upon the attention of all physicians who desire to be entertained,
instructed, and amused during a pleasant vacation.
The Medical Record’s article
is taken from its issue of August 17, 1901, and is as follows:
There is much in the Exposition at
Buffalo to attract and hold the attention of scientific and medical
men. A person desirous of viewing thoroughly and of studying with
some care the numerous exhibits exemplifying progress in medicine
and science, will not only need to have a considerable amount of
time at his disposal, but will also find his task greatly facilitated
if he has a knowledge of the location of the features of interest.
Upon entering the West Amherst Gate
the first building that strikes the view is the Emergency Hospital,
the general plan and functions of which were described at length
in the Medical Record some three months’ [sic] ago.
It may nevertheless be mentioned that its province is wholly restricted
to medical work, that serious cases are transferred to institutions
outside the grounds, and that no patient is permitted to remain
overnight. The building contains twenty-six beds, and is excellently
equipped in accordance with the latest methods of sanitary science.
The medical director of the exposition, Dr. Roswell Park, looks
after its administration and with Dr. Vertner Kenerson, the physician
directly in charge, visits the institution daily. The house staff
is composed of six young medical men who take duty in turn, two
at the same time. The nursing staff comprises four nurses. There
is also in the service of the hospital an automobile ambulance in
charge of medical students of the University of Buffalo.
The hospital during the three months
of the Exposition’s existence has treated upwards of 3,000 cases,
the majority of which have been medical. It is satisfactory to note
that there have been but a few cases of a grave nature and that
the occurrence of sunstroke and heat exhaustion has been remarkably
rare. This fact when taking into consideration the prevalence of
excessive heat all over the country at the end of June and at the
beginning of July is decidedly noteworthy, and says volumes for
the salubrity of Buffalo.
By far the larger number of those
who have made use of the hospital up to the present time have been
women, while among the employees and temporary residents of the
Exposition the  foreign element
has supplied the bulk of the patients. The complaints have been
characterised for the most part by their simple nature, and there
has been no suspicion of anything resembling an epidemic. Probably
the diarrhea and stomach disturbances to which the foreigners have
shown themselves especially prone may be attributed to an unaccustomed
mode of living, and perhaps to injudicious eating and drinking.
On the whole, however, the health of the Exposition inhabitants
has been highly satisfactory, as has been also the health of the
visitors to the great fair.
Those who are responsible for the
management and supervision of the Emergency Hospital must be commended
for the admirable manner in which their duties have been carried
out, and they can lay the flattering function to their hearts that
their work has been well appreciated by the general public.