Political, Economic, and Religious Causes of
As the Civic Counselor
of our own city writes: “The one permanent way out is to strike
at the causes that produce these enemies of society—the bad home,
the cramped opportunities, the false education. He who opens a school,
who improves the tenements, who opens opportunities for labor—he
most effectually drives anarchy from the land. We want no coddling
of the poor, no sentimental dallying with perpetrators of dastardly
deeds; but we do need to allay discontent by giving every man and
every child an opportunity by honest labor to live an honest, hopeful,
contented life. Opportunity for hopeful labor will take away the
opportunity of perverted minds. He who makes government the friend
of the common people, the servant of the masses, and who does away
with the flaunting inequalities of wealth—he does more to dispel
anarchism than he who merely cries, ‘Away with the wretch!’”
Elise Reclus, the brilliant geographer,
said: “We are all revolutionizers, because we desire justice.” The
only sure way to stop the manufacture of revolutionists is to turn
out justice from our industrial plant.
To one or the other of these means
for the prevention of anarchism we must be goaded. It may be that
the martyrdom of our good President is to force open our blind eyes.
The supreme lesson of the crime of
September is that even our Republic must put its house in order,
must make its government a real commonwealth, must make its industry
humane, just, and Christian. McKinley will not have died in vain
if his death warns our nation of the rocks ahead from selfish commercialism,
from our apostasy to the worship of Mammon. Perhaps by such horrors
our people will be made ready to consider whether no other and higher
industrial order is possible, no saner and more Christian civilization
is attainable in the orderly way of evolution. 
Below the economic causes
of anarchism lie the religious causes, or, more strictly speaking,
the irreligious causes of anarchism.
It is more than a program of reform:
it is a creed, passionately held and often heroically lived up to.
Say what you will about Czolgosz, he took his life in his hand to
assert his crazy creed. While men are willing so to do, we can only
hope to prevent such crimes by dispossessing the false faith and
inspiring the true one.