On Death of M’Kinley
Booker Washington Presents a Clear Statement.
WANTS TRIAL OF CRIMINALS
Head of the Industrial Institute Has Given Out a Clear, Calm Card
to the Public.
Tuskegee, Ala., September
24.—Booker T. Washington, of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial
institute, has given out a statement in reference to the assassination
of President McKinley, in which he says:
“In all sincerity, I want to ask,
is Czolgosz alone guilty? Has not the entire nation had a part in
this greatest crime of the century? What is anarchy but a defiance
of law and has not the nation reaped what it has been sowing? According
to records 2,516 persons have been lynched in the United States
during the past sixteen years, and every state in the union, except
five, has had its lynching. A conservative estimate would place
the number of persons engaged in these lynchings at about fifty
per individual lynched, so that there are or have been engaged in
this anarchy of lynching nearly 125,800 persons, to say nothing
of the many organized bands of technically organized anarchists.
Those composing these mobs have helped create a disregard for law
and authority that, in my mind, has helped to lay the foundation
for the great disgrace and disaster that has overtaken the country.
“To check the present tendency it
seems to me there are two duties that face us—first, for all classes
to unite in an earnest effort to create such a public sentiment
as will make crime disappear, and especially is it needed that we
see that there is no idle, dissolute, purposeless class permitted
in our midst.
“Second, for all to unite in a brave
effort to bring criminals to justice, and where a supposed criminal
is found, no matter what the charge against him is, to see that
he has a fair, patient, legal trial.
“At the present [?], when governors,
judges, the pulpit and the press in all parts of the country are
condemning lynching and anarchy as never before, is the time to
begin the reform.
“When the practice of lynching was
begun it was said that lynching would be inflicted but for one crime,
but the actual facts show that so true is it that lawlessness breeds
lawlessness; that more people are now lynched each year for other
supposed crimes that the crime for which it was begun.
“Let us heed the words of our departed
and beloved chief, as he lay upon his dying bed, referring to his
murderer: ‘I hope he will be treated with fairness’
“If William McKinley, as he was offering
up his life in behalf of the nation, could be brave enough, thoughtful
and patriotic enough to request that his assailant should be fairly
and honestly tried and punished, surely we can afford to heed the