Source: Buffalo Medical Journal
Source type: journal
Document type: article
Document title: “Emergency Hospital at the Pan-American Exposition”
Date of publication: April 1901
Volume number: 40
Issue number: 9
Series: new series
|“Emergency Hospital at the Pan-American Exposition.” Buffalo Medical Journal Apr. 1901 v40n9 (new series): pp. 701-04.|
|Pan-American Exposition (emergency hospital).|
|Alexander Allan [misspelled below]; Vertner Kenerson; Roswell Park.|
The article (below) likewise appears, with slight variations, in the 30 March 1901 issue of St. Louis Medical Review, wherein authorship is credited to Herbert Shaerer—none of which is acknowledged in Buffalo Medical Journal. Click here to view the article as it appears in St. Louis Medical Review.
The article (below) is accompanied on page 702 by a photograph of the emergency hospital.
Emergency Hospital at the Pan-American Exposition
Having a frontage of 90 feet on the mall, the main wing has a depth of 38 feet with a height of but one story, except in the center, where it assumes the form of a square tower with a rounded top. This tower attains to the pretentious height of two stories, surmounted with two flagstaffs. One staff supports the exposition flag and the other waves the well known Red Cross banner, the only universal international emblem that is recognised and respected in all countries.
A rear wing, one story high, runs back from the center portion a distance of 56 feet, with a width of 32 feet. This form of construction lends itself readily to this picturesque reminder of the early struggles of our first missionaries.
Color, here as everywhere throughout the grounds, adds its touch of beauty to the odd and in many cases obsolete methods of construction, penetrating rather than clothing the building in the warm changing tints  of the sunset. A low wandering adobe mission house, covered with heavy red tiling, its weather stains retouched by the gorgeous rays of the departing sun, may be readily imagined while looking at this rehabilitation of the past.
Any antiquated illusion that may be conveyed by the outside appearance of this building is, however, at once dispelled by a visit to the interior. Modern arrangements that are both convenient and sanitary, mark every feature. Approved medical and surgical appliances have been carefully selected, in regard especially for their adaptability to emergency work and the exigencies that are likely to arise. The main hospital entrance is from the mall, opening directly into a handsome rotunda decorated with tropical plants and suitable hangings of pictures, drapery, and the like.
The main office is situated at the farther left hand corner of this rotunda, where it is carefully tucked away under the staircase, forming an irregular alcove. It contains telephone and electrical annunciator, messenger call service, together with other modern and necessary appurtenances. As this is lighted from above and encircled by a round gallery opening through the upper story, the effect is very pleasant and agreeable. The first floor front contains in the extreme western wing, two male wards with seven cots each, a bath room, physicians’ office, a morgue and a linen chest. The eastern wing contains a woman’s ward, large enough to hold a dozen cots, with direct communication to the woman’s bath room. This wing also contains an office for the superintendent of nurses, private physician’s office, a linen closet and other conveniences. 
The upper story is intended for the use of the resident physician and the necessary attendants. It is fitted up with four pleasant, comfortable bed rooms and a bath room. The rear wing, extending back from the main entrance, contains the operating room, sterilising department and instrument cases. Immediately across the hall is the emergency bath room and patients’ waiting room. Still farther down the corridor is located the kitchen, pantry and dining room, which is intended for the use of patients only, as the staff have their culinary department in the service building, situated but a few yards distant. In the extreme southern end of this ring is the storage room for the electrical ambulances; this room also contains a station for recharging the batteries, electricity for this purpose being brought from an electric circuit provided for the electric launches on the grand canal. In addition to the two electrical ambulances, a steam or gasoline motor ambulance will be provided to be ready in case of a possible failure of the electrical current. The building is provided with natural gas for heating purposes and for cooking when necessary for the patients.
Water, gas and electricity is carried to every part of the hospital in the most approved manner. The building is plastered throughout and rendered sanitary and germ proof so far as possible, in every portion. The staff in attendance is uniformed as to grade according to universal custom.
In the matter of equipment and appliances, everything is of the newest and best. A new litter attracts considerable attention; it is carefully balanced and so arranged that one attendant can operate it easily and noiselessly as it runs on two wheels about 20 inches in diameter, which are fitted with large inflated rubber tires. Sterilising apparatus with an apartment for instruments and another for towels and linen, is another necessary arrangement.
Dr. Roswell Park is the medical director, Dr. Vertner Kenerson is deputy medical director, and Dr. Alexander Allen is the resident physician,—a staff which will at once indicate medical and surgical skill in the care of patients in this hospital. The efficiency aimed at in this department is an illustration of the manner in which the exposition affairs are administered in all its departments. Everything has been carefully arranged according to a great comprehensive plan, the details of which have been worked out in every instance with careful conscientious precision.
In regard to the importance of this adjunct to the exposition it may be said that up to the 1st of March, 504 cases have been treated  on the grounds, only one of which proved fatal. These include all forms of sickness and accidents to workmen employed upon the construction work. In this relation it is well to note that the number of cases treated at the Omaha exposition was about 3,000, while the history of the hospital at the World’s Fair in Chicago gives a total of 11,602 medical and surgical cases treated, resulting in 69 deaths.
It is hoped to have less use than this for the hospital at the Pan-American, though in the immense crowds who will attend, no doubt, many individuals will have occasion to appreciate the provision that has been made in this direction.