Emergency Hospital at the Pan-American Exposition
pretty hospital building stands
near the west end of the mall. Floor area rather than elevation
is a prominent feature in the construction of this important adjunct
to the exposition. Utility is the prime consideration in this design,
though it is by no means a case of utility unadorned. In conformity
with the general exposition plan the free Spanish renaissance has
been treated, in this instance, with a strong leaning toward the
old mission interpretation.
Having a frontage of 90 feet on the
mall, the main wing has a depth of 38 feet with a height of but
one story, except in the center, where it assumes the form of a
square tower with a rounded top. This tower attains to the pretentious
height of two stories, surmounted with two flagstaffs. One staff
supports the exposition flag and the other waves the well known
Red Cross banner, the only universal international emblem that is
recognised and respected in all countries.
A rear wing, one story high, runs
back from the center portion a distance of 56 feet, with a width
of 32 feet. This form of construction lends itself readily to this
picturesque reminder of the early struggles of our first missionaries.
Color, here as everywhere throughout
the grounds, adds its touch of beauty to the odd and in many cases
obsolete methods of construction, penetrating rather than clothing
the building in the warm changing tints 
of the sunset. A low wandering adobe mission house, covered with
heavy red tiling, its weather stains retouched by the gorgeous rays
of the departing sun, may be readily imagined while looking at this
rehabilitation of the past.
Any antiquated illusion that may be
conveyed by the outside appearance of this building is, however,
at once dispelled by a visit to the interior. Modern arrangements
that are both convenient and sanitary, mark every feature. Approved
medical and surgical appliances have been carefully selected, in
regard especially for their adaptability to emergency work and the
exigencies that are likely to arise. The main hospital entrance
is from the mall, opening directly into a handsome rotunda decorated
with tropical plants and suitable hangings of pictures, drapery,
and the like.
The main office is situated at the
farther left hand corner of this rotunda, where it is carefully
tucked away under the staircase, forming an irregular alcove. It
contains telephone and electrical annunciator, messenger call service,
together with other modern and necessary appurtenances. As this
is lighted from above and encircled by a round gallery opening through
the upper story, the effect is very pleasant and agreeable. The
first floor front contains in the extreme western wing, two male
wards with seven cots each, a bath room, physicians’ office, a morgue
and a linen chest. The eastern wing contains a woman’s ward, large
enough to hold a dozen cots, with direct communication to the woman’s
bath room. This wing also contains an office for the superintendent
of nurses, private physician’s office, a linen closet and other
The upper story is intended for the
use of the resident physician and the necessary attendants. It is
fitted up with four pleasant, comfortable bed rooms and a bath room.
The rear wing, extending back from the main entrance, contains the
operating room, sterilising department and instrument cases. Immediately
across the hall is the emergency bath room and patients’ waiting
room. Still farther down the corridor is located the kitchen, pantry
and dining room, which is intended for the use of patients only,
as the staff have their culinary department in the service building,
situated but a few yards distant. In the extreme southern end of
this ring is the storage room for the electrical ambulances; this
room also contains a station for recharging the batteries, electricity
for this purpose being brought from an electric circuit provided
for the electric launches on the grand canal. In addition to the
two electrical ambulances, a steam or gasoline motor ambulance will
be provided to be ready in case of a possible failure of the electrical
current. The building is provided with natural gas for heating purposes
and for cooking when necessary for the patients.
Water, gas and electricity is carried
to every part of the hospital in the most approved manner. The building
is plastered throughout and rendered sanitary and germ proof so
far as possible, in every portion. The staff in attendance is uniformed
as to grade according to universal custom.
In the matter of equipment and appliances,
everything is of the newest and best. A new litter attracts considerable
attention; it is carefully balanced and so arranged that one attendant
can operate it easily and noiselessly as it runs on two wheels about
20 inches in diameter, which are fitted with large inflated rubber
tires. Sterilising apparatus with an apartment for instruments and
another for towels and linen, is another necessary arrangement.
Dr. Roswell Park is the medical director,
Dr. Vertner Kenerson is deputy medical director, and Dr. Alexander
Allen is the resident physician,—a staff which will at once indicate
medical and surgical skill in the care of patients in this hospital.
The efficiency aimed at in this department is an illustration of
the manner in which the exposition affairs are administered in all
its departments. Everything has been carefully arranged according
to a great comprehensive plan, the details of which have been worked
out in every instance with careful conscientious precision.
In regard to the importance of this
adjunct to the exposition it may be said that up to the 1st of March,
504 cases have been treated 
on the grounds, only one of which proved fatal. These include all
forms of sickness and accidents to workmen employed upon the construction
work. In this relation it is well to note that the number of cases
treated at the Omaha exposition was about 3,000, while the history
of the hospital at the World’s Fair in Chicago gives a total of
11,602 medical and surgical cases treated, resulting in 69 deaths.
It is hoped to have less use than
this for the hospital at the Pan-American, though in the immense
crowds who will attend, no doubt, many individuals will have occasion
to appreciate the provision that has been made in this direction.