American News and Notes [excerpt]
The Death of President
McKinley.—After an operation which was perfect in the surgical aspect,
the lack of development of symptoms of sepsis and peritonitis, and
the lapse of almost a week, in which all the indications pointed
to a speedy recovery, the sudden change for the worse in the President’s
condition, altogether unlooked for, came as a shock to the whole
country. Hourly bulletins, issued direct from the sick chamber and
signed by the physicians in charge, were very encouraging. Feeding
by the mouth was begun on Tuesday morning, and was well borne, and
since Wednesday all nourishment had been administered in this way.
Thursday night, however, brought a decided change for the worse.
On Friday he rallied slightly, but Friday evening his condition
grew gradually worse, until 2,15 [sic] A. M. Saturday, when
he died. The autopsy was held on Saturday morning at 11 o’clock.
It was performed by Drs. Gaylord and Matzinger, in the presence
of all the physicians who had attended the President during his
illness. The report was awaited with great interest, and when it
appeared it occasioned much surprise. It showed the President’s
death to be due to gangrene. The whole course of the bullet’s track
was gangrenous. The bullet perforated both walls of the cardiac
portion of the stomach, and lacerated the upper portion of the left
kidney. The physicians, though they did not find the bullet at the
autopsy, are confident it is imbedded in the muscles of the back.
Both wounds in the stomach were found to be perfectly closed, but
around each wound was a gangrenous area the size of a silver dollar.
The upper portion of the left kidney, part of the spleen and pancreas
were also found to be gangrenous. The heart walls proved to be thin,
but otherwise were normal. There was no sign of peritonitis or disease
of other organs. This closes all criticism as to the methods of
treatment employed by the President’s physicians and surgeons, death
being unavoidable by any medical or surgical treatment. Dr. Mynter
is of the opinion that the ball was poisoned, and a bacteriological
examination is to be made of the remaining bullets in the chamber
of Czolgosz’s revolver, a report of which will be awaited with much
interest, as will also a further report of the autopsy.
A Brief Personnel of
the Surgeons in Attendance Upon President McKinley.—Dr. Matthew
Mann, known as an eminent abdominal surgeon, is 56 years of age,
and has practiced in Buffalo for about thirty years. He is the author
of a standard text-book on gynecology, profesor [sic] of
gynecology at the University of Buffalo, and gynecologist in the
Buffalo General Hospital.
Dr. Roswell Park is a graduate of
Rush Medical College, and is about 48 years of age. He is the author
of Park’s “System of Surgery,” and is well known to the profession
the world over. He is surgeon-in-chief to the Buffalo General Hospital
and professor of surgery at the University of Buffalo.
Dr. Herman Mynter is an expert abdominal
surgeon, and author of a valuable work on appendicitis. He has recently
lectured abroad on this subject. He is now surgeon to the German
Deaconess Home at the German Hospital.
Dr. John Parmenter is about 40 years
of age. He is professor of anatomy at the University of Buffalo,
and is a careful operator.
Dr. Eugene Wasdin is about 40 years
of age. He is surgeon to the Marine Hospital. He was one of the
experts recently detailed to investigate yellow fever in Cuba.
Dr. T. W. Lee, of St. Louis, was medical
director of the Omaha Exposition.
Dr. N. W. Wilson is post surgeon at
Fort Porter. He is the sanitary officer of the Pan-American Exposition.
Dr. P. M. Rixey is a medical inspector
in the United States Navy. He served as assistant surgeon in the
navy for a number of years. Dr. Rixey was chosen physician to the
McKinley family three years ago upon the removal from Washington
of General Leonard Wood, who had been the family physician.
Dr. William McKinley
Dead.—Dr. William McKinley, a distant relative of the late President
McKinley, and a graduate of the Baltimore Medical College, was found
dead at his home at Polk, Pa., on the night of Sept. 14th. He was
44 years old. On that day Dr. McKinley was in Franklin, Pa., and
discussed the death of the late President with friends there. He
was of a highly nervous disposition, and at different times during
these discussions he became greatly excited over the assassination.
In the evening he returned to Polk, and a few hours after his arrival
there his dead body was found lying on the ground in the rear of
his residence. Death is said to have been due to apoplexy.