Alienists Find Czolgosz Sane
Experts Examine the Assassin at Buffalo and Discover
No Trace of Mental Disease.
DECIDE TO HURRY TRIAL.
Governor Odell Confers with Secretary Root and Special Grand Jury
May Be Called Soon.
PROOF OF PLOT NOT FOUND
District Attorney Says Information Is Pouring in from All Parts
of the World,
But Is Not Convincing.
MAN NOT YET BREAKING DOWN.
Buffalo, N. Y., Sept. 9.—[Special.]—Leon
F. Czolgosz was pronounced sane by the physicians who examined him
late this afternoon at the request of the District Attorney and
in his presence.
It is a peculiarity of this crime
and criminal that the suggestion of insanity never has been taken
seriously by those familiar with the man and the deed. For the protection
of the prosecuting evidence the District Attorney deemed it well
to have an examination by experts made today.
The policy of secrecy was preserved.
Superintendent of Police Bull went to the District Attorney’s office
late this afternoon and met by appointment Police Surgeon Joseph
Fowler and Dr. Floyd S. Crego, an alienist who has testified in
almost every case tried in this country in recent years where the
question of sanity was raised. An arrangement was made for a meeting
at police headquarters, and thence the doctors, and Superintendent,
and District Attorney Penny went singly.
The prisoner’s examination took place
in the office of the Superintendent of Police, which may be reached
direct from the cell-room where Czolgosz is held. It lasted an hour,
and the examining committee then dispersed singly. Mr. Penny went
out the front door of police headquarters. Dr. Crego was allowed
to depart from a rear door which is rarely opened. Dr. Fowler emerged
from another unused exit. All were under agreement to say nothing
of the examination.
No Insanity in Family.
In the hour Czolgosz was before the
physicians he was questioned concerning his antecedents, and declared
there never had been a case of insanity in his family, nor had there
been cases of disease likely to affect the reason.
Dr. Crego took measurements of Czolgosz’s
head, examined his eyes, and made a general physical survey of the
would-be assassin. He and Dr. Fowler said without hesitancy that
the man was entirely sane, and in their judgment was sane when he
attempted to kill the President.
Is Not Breaking Down.
Dr. Fowler was asked
if Czolgosz showed any signs of breaking down, and if he found any
evidence of collapse which has been reported.
“No,” said he, “he has not broken
down. He is in good health and as well as when I examined him on
Saturday. He is not going to collapse.”
Fail to Prove Plot as Yet.
District Attorney Penny
said: “I cannot make any statement regarding the examination. We
are doing our best to fix the crime. We are receiving information
from all parts of the world, and we are investigating.”
“With what result?” he was asked.
“No result,” he answered.
Mr. Penny’s attitude seems to be that
there is, as yet, no evidence of a conspiracy to remove the President.
Governor Odell was here on Saturday
and returned to Newburgh on Sunday. While here he held a consultation
with Secretary Root and District Attorney Penney of Buffalo, at
which it was decided to push the case against Czolgosz and his fellow-conspirators,
if any there be, with all speed.
Mr. Root is familiar with State, interstate,
national, and international law, and for that reason it was not
necessary to await the arrival of Attorney General Knox before deciding
the steps to bring Czolgosz to justice.
Governor Odell will return to Buffalo
on Saturday, and, it was announced tonight, is to call an extraordinary
session of the grand jury for Erie County to indict Czolgosz, and
Henry A. Childs, Supreme Court Justice for the Eighth District,
is to be designated by Governor Odell to preside at the trial.
The full penalty on conviction is
ten years in State prison.
Decide Not to Summon President.
It has been practically
decided, it was further declared not to summon President McKinley
as a witness for the prosecution, for the reason that they [sic]
are sufficient witnesses to tell of Czolgosz’s guilt. The assassin
has no lawyer to defend him, and it may be that the court will be
compelled to assign a lawyer to put in the best plea possible for
Governor Odell, in his talks with
Secretary Root, discussed the advisability of sending to the Legislature
at the approaching session, a recommendation that a law be enacted
making it treason to the national government to attempt the life
of the Chief Magistrate, the penalty to be the same as the conviction
No decision was reached as to this
phase of the situation, but it is to be strongly urged on the Governor’s
return to Buffalo.
A member of the District Attorney’s
staff said today:
“The Illinois statutes under which
the Chicago Anarchists were tried are substantially the same as
the New York statutes. The identity of the person who threw the
Haymarket bomb was not known, but eight members of the revolutionary
society which had openly advocated the overthrow of law by violence
were indicted for murder and convicted upon the trial. Great latitude
was allowed in the introduction of proof to show the combination
on the part of the defendants and ther [sic] members of society
to which they  belonged forcibly
to resist the officers of the law and to kill them if necessary.
The case was taken to the United States Supreme Court upon allegation
of error that the formation of the jury was improper, that the dwellings
of the defendants were unlawfully searched, and generally that the
rights of the defendants were violated. The judgment of conviction
was unanimously confirmed.
“There is no doubt that the Chicago
case is a precedent which will be followed in this State, as it
involves almost every question that could be raised upon an indictment
of the members of the society to which Czolgosz belongs for complicity
in his crime.
“If it can be shown that there was
a conspiracy to commit some felony, even though not the one actually
committed, all the subsequent acts and declarations of those connected
with the conspiracy to further the common object may be received
in evidence upon a proceeding against and [sic] one or more
of the conspirators. This proposition is fully established.”