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Source: American Boys’ Life of William McKinley
Source type: book
Document type: chronology
Document title: “Chronology of the Life of William McKinley” [appendix B]
Author(s): Stratemeyer, Edward
Publisher:
Lothrop, Lee, and Shepard Co.
Place of publication: Boston, Massachusetts
Year of publication:
1901
Pagination: 309-16

 
Citation
Stratemeyer, Edward. “Chronology of the Life of William McKinley” [appendix B]. American Boys’ Life of William McKinley. Boston: Lothrop, Lee, and Shepard, 1901: pp. 309-16.
 
Transcription
full text of appendix; excerpt of book
 
Keywords
William McKinley (chronologies); William McKinley (personal history); McKinley presidency.
 
Named persons
Emilio Aguinaldo; George Crook; Leon Czolgosz; George Dewey; James A. Garfield; Ulysses S. Grant; Horace Greeley; Winfield Scott Hancock; Benjamin Harrison; Rutherford B. Hayes; Garret A. Hobart; William D. Kelley; Abraham Lincoln; Ida McKinley; Ida McKinley (daughter); Katie McKinley [identified as Kate below]; Nancy Allison McKinley; William McKinley; William McKinley, Sr.; John Morgan; William Thomas Sampson; Winfield Scott Schley; John Sherman; Bellamy Storer; Stewart L. Woodford.
 
Notes
From title page: Author of “With Washington in the West,” “On to Pekin,” “The Old Glory Series,” “Ship and Shore Series,” “Bound to Succeed Series,” Etc.

From title page: Illustrated by A. Burnham Shute and from Photographs.
 
Document

 

Chronology of the Life of William McKinley

1843. January 29.   William McKinley, born at Niles, Trumbull County, Ohio. Seventh child of William McKinley and Nancy (Allison) McKinley.
1849. Became a scholar at the district school in Niles.
1862. The family removed to Poland, Mahoning County, Ohio.
Became a student at the Union Seminary of Poland.
1859. Became a member of the Methodist Episcopal church of Poland.
1860. Entered Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania, but left soon, owing to ill health.
Became teacher of the Kerr district school near Poland.
1861. Became an assistant in the Poland post-office.
June 11.   Enlisted as a private in Company E of the Twenty-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
September 1.   First fight of the young private, at Carnifex Ferry.
1862. April 15.   Promoted to commissary sergeant.
September 17.   At the battle of Antietam wins high praise by serving food to the soldiers while on the firing line.
September 24.   Promoted to second lieutenant for services at Antietam. [309][310]
1863. February 7.   Promoted to first lieutenant.
Served in the campaign against Morgan and his raiders.
1864. July 25.   Promoted to captain of Company G for gallantry at the battle of Kernstown, near Winchester, Virginia.
October 11.   First vote for President cast, while on march, for Abraham Lincoln.
Shortly after the battle of Cedar Creek (October 19), Captain McKinley served on the staffs of General George Crook and General Winfield S. Hancock.
1865. March 13.   Commissioned by President Lincoln as a major by brevet in the volunteer United States army, “for gallant and meritorious service at the battles of Opequan, Cedar Creek, and Fisher’s Hill.”
July 26.   Mustered out of the army with his regiment, having never been absent from his command on sick leave during more than four years’ service.
Returned to Poland, and at once commenced the study of law.
1866. Entered the Albany Law School.
1867. Admitted to the bar at Warren, Ohio, in March.
Began the practice of law in Canton, Ohio,—and made that place his home.
1869. Elected prosecuting attorney of Stark County on the Republican ticket.
1871. January 25.   Married Miss Ida Saxton of Canton.
Failed of reëlction as prosecuting attorney by forty-five votes, and for the next five years devoted himself successfully to the practice of law, and became a leading member of the bar of Stark County.
December 25.   Birth of daughter Kate. [310][311]
1872. Though not a candidate, very active as a campaign speaker in the Grant-Greeley presidential campaign.
1873. April 1.   Birth of daughter Ida.
August 23.   Death of daughter Ida.
1875. Especially active and conspicuous as a campaigner in the closely contested state election in which Rutherford B. Hayes was elected governor.
June 25.   Death of daughter Kate.
1876. Elected member of the House of Representatives by 3300 majority.
1878. Reëlected to Congress by 1234 majority.
1880. Reëlected to Congress by 3571 majority. Appointed a member of the Ways and Means Committee, to succeed President-elect Garfield.
1882. The Republicans suffered reverses throughout the country in the congressional elections, and McKinley was reëlected by a majority of only eight.
1884. Reëlected to Congress by a majority of 2000.
1886. Reëlected to Congress by a majority of 2550.
1888. Delegate at large to the national convention in Chicago that nominated Benjamin Harrison, and served as chairman of the Committee on Resolutions. Many delegates wished McKinley to become the nominee, but he stood firm in his support to John Sherman.
Elected to Congress for the seventh successive time, receiving a majority of 4100 votes.
1890. Upon the death of William D. Kelley, in January, McKinley became chairman of the Ways and Means Committee and leader of his party in the House. He introduced a bill “to simplify the laws in relation to the collection of the revenues,” known as the “customs administration bill.” He also introduced a general tariff bill. The bill became a law October 6. [311][312]
As a result of the reaction against the Republican party throughout the country, caused by the protracted struggle over the tariff bill, McKinley was defeated in the election for Congress by 300 votes in counties that had previously gone Democratic by 3000.
1891. November 3.   Elected governor of Ohio by a plurality of 21,511, polling the largest vote that had ever been cast for governor in Ohio.
1892. As delegate at large to the national convention at Minneapolis and chairman of the convention, McKinley refused to permit the consideration of his name, and supported the renomination of President Harrison.
Death of William McKinley, Sr., in November.
1893. Feb. 17.   Lost his private fortune through the failure of a friend.
Unanimously renominated for governor of Ohio, and reëlected by a plurality of 80,995, this majority being the greatest ever recorded, with a single exception during the Civil War, for any candidate in the history of the state.
1896. June 18.   At the Republican national convention in St. Louis, McKinley was nominated for President on the first ballot.
November 3.   Received a popular vote in the presidential election of 7,104,779, a plurality of 601,854 over his Democratic opponent.
1897. March 4.   Inaugurated President of the United States for the twenty-eighth quadrennial term.
March 6.   Issued proclamation for an extra session of Congress to assemble March 15. The President’s message dwelt solely upon the need of a revision of the existing tariff law.
May 17.   In response to an appeal from the President, Congress appropriated $50,000 for the relief of the destitution in Cuba. [312][313]
May 20.   The Senate of the United States recognized the Cubans as belligerents.
July 24.   The “Dingley tariff bill” receives the President’s approval.
December 12.   Death of President McKinley’s mother at Canton, Ohio.
1898. Feb. 15.   Battleship Maine blown up in Havana Harbor.
Both branches of Congress voted unanimously (the House on March 8 by a vote of 313 to 0, and the Senate by a vote of 76 to 0 on the following day) to place $50,000,000 at the disposal of the President, to be used at his discretion, “for the national defence.”
March 23.   The President sent to the Spanish government, through Minister Woodford, at Madrid, an ultimatum regarding the intolerable condition of affairs in Cuba.
March 28.   The report of the court of inquiry on the destruction of the Maine at Havana, on February 15, was transmitted by the President to Congress.
April 11.   The President sent a message to Congress outlining the situation, declaring that intervention was necessary, and advising against the recognition of the Cuban government.
April 21.   The Spanish government sent Minister Woodford his passports, thus beginning the war.
April 22.   Proclamation announcing war issued by the President.
April 23.   The President issued a call for 125,000 volunteers.
April 24.   Spain formally declared that war existed with the United States.
April 25.   In a message to Congress, the President recommended the passage of a joint resolution [313][314] declaring that war existed with Spain. On the same day both branches of Congress passed such a declaration.
May 1.   Spanish fleet in Manila Bay sunk by American war-ships under command of Commodore Dewey.
May 25.   The President issued a call for 75,000 additional volunteers.
June 29.   Yale University conferred upon President McKinley the degree of LL.D.
July 1 and 2.   Land battles on the outskirts of Santiago, Cuba, won by the United States troops.
July 3.   Spanish fleet in Cuban waters destroyed near Santiago Bay by American war-ships under Admiral Sampson and Commodore Schley.
July 7.   Joint resolution of Congress providing for the annexation of Hawaii received the approval of the President.
August 9.   Spain formally accepted the President’s terms of peace.
August 12.   The peace protocol was signed. An armistice was proclaimed, and the Cuban blockade raised.
August 13.   City of Manila taken.
October 17.   The President received the degree of LL.D. from the University of Chicago.
October 18.   United States took possession of Porto Rico.
December 10.   The treaty of peace between Spain and the United States was signed at Paris.
1899. February 1.   United States flag raised at Guam.
February 10.   Peace treaty with Spain signed by the President.
March 17.   Peace treaty signed by the Queen Regent of Spain. [314][315]
June 16.   United States Minister Bellamy Storer arrived in Spain.
July 7.   President called for 10 regiments to quell Filipino insurrection.
July 24.   Reciprocity treaty with France signed.
July 29.   Final sitting of International Peace Conference.
October 12.   Alaska boundary dispute temporarily arranged by Great Britain and the United States.
November 21.   Vice-President Hobart died at Paterson, N.J.
1900. March 14.   The President signed the “gold standard act.”
June 19.   Legation in Pekin attacked by Boxers.
American troops sent to China to take part in rescuing those in the legations at Pekin. Movement was a complete success on August 14.
June 21.   The Republican national convention at Philadelphia unanimously renominates William McKinley for the Presidency.
June 21.   The President’s amnesty proclamation to the Filipinos was published in Manila.
September 10.   McKinley issued a letter accepting the Presidential nomination and discussed the issues of the campaign.
November 6.   In the Presidential election, McKinley carried 28 states, which have an aggregate of 292 votes in the electoral college, his Democratic opponent carrying 17 states, having 155 electoral votes. McKinley’s popular plurality was also larger than in the election of 1896.
1901. March 4.   Inaugurated President for a second time.
April 9.   Aguinaldo, having been captured March 23 issued a Peace Manifesto at Manila, P. I.
April 29.   The President’s trip to the West begun. [315][316] Abandoned at San Francisco middle of May because of illness of Mrs. McKinley.
September 4.   Arrived at Buffalo and reviewed troops there.
September 5.   Delivered his last address, on the Triumphal Bridge, at the Pan-American Exposition grounds.
September 6.   Visited Niagara Falls in the morning. Returned to Buffalo in the afternoon to receive the people at the Temple of Music, Exposition grounds. Was shot twice by Leon Czolgosz, a Polish-American anarchist.
September 14.   Died at the Milburn house, Buffalo, New York, at 2.15 A.M.
September 19.   Last services over the body held at Canton, Ohio. Business throughout the entire United States suspended. Body placed in the receiving vault, Westlawn Cemetery.

——————————

     Shortly after President McKinley’s death and burial, his assassin was tried in the Erie County Court, at Buffalo, New York, found guilty of murder in the first degree, and sentenced to be electrocuted, according to the law of the state in which the dastardly crime was committed.

 

 


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