Seat Number “13” Is Banished from Court
Police arrangements for the trial
in the City Hall today, and for as long as it continues, are calculated
to be as perfect as the occasion would suggest. Streets leading
to the City and County building will be guarded by cordons of police,
mounted and patrolmen, and should the size of the crowds warrant
it, the thoroughfares will be roped off.
Business in the combined building
will not be suspended, but it is safe to say that it will feel the
effect of this most interesting of trials. No one will be permitted
to enter the City Hall without first satisfying a half dozen or
more different officers that he has business there. Those who approach
will first be stopped at least half a block away, or wherever the
outer cordon of police is drawn. Here they must prove to a sergeant
that they have business in the building. Then they will have to
go all over it again at the entrance to the building.
During the progress of the trial the
elevators will not stop at the second floor, the floor on which
is the court room. The stairways, both on the first and third floors
will be guared [sic] by more police and they will prevent anyone
going to the courtroom [sic] floor who has not actual and important
Admission to the court room will be
limited to the actual court attaches, fifty-three newspaper reporters,
and 218 other persons, the latter including talesmen for the jury
and attorneys, and witnesses, who will not be barred from the room.
The usual courtesies which have permitted
attorneys not connected with a case to seats within the railing
have been withdrawn and those attorneys not employed in the Czolgosz
case who secure admittance will have to find seats in the audience
part of the room.
The space within the railing is entirely
occupied by the court attaches and the newspaper reporters, the
latter representing personally and through press associations all
the papers in the United States and most of the journals of the
world. Probably never before and seldom again will there be such
a center for the dissemination of news.
At the table directly in front of
the  bar will be seated the assassin
and his attorneys. To their right and directly in front of the witness
box is the table for the official stenographers. At the foot of
the jury box, which is on the west side of the court room, is the
table to be occupied by District Attorney Penney and back of him
will be seated three or four of his assistants. They will have charge
of the exhibits, such as maps, charts, confessions, letters and
other material evidence which may be offered.
Then clustered all about the space
within the railing and against the railing on the outside are the
tables for the reporters. Each of these seats has been numbered
and each reporter who will be in attendance has been assigned his
seat, having a ticket admitting him to the room and bearing the
number of his seat.
NOBODY WANTED “THIRTEEN.”
The committee having charge of the
press arrangements was evidently inclined to bad omens for when
they came to place the number thirteen on the seat which in its
position would naturally have had that number, there was objection
and the much abused number was destroyed and in its place No. 54
was substituted, there being only fifty-three seats.
In reference to the handling of the
prisoner there will be ample officers for that. Chief of Detectives
Cusack and Sheriff Caldwell will have direct charge of the prisoner.
He will be brought into court through the tunnel leading from the
jail to the court room and on either side of him he will be handcuffed
to a detective. There will be a liberal sprinkling of detectives
in the crowd through which the prisoner will pass and among the
spectators in the room. This precaution is taken in case an attempt
should be made to do violence to the prisoner.
If the manner of the insanity experts
retained by the defense and also that of District Attorney Penney
after he had had a conference with them is indicative of anything,
the attorneys representing Leon Czolgosz will enter no evidence
in his defense.
These attorneys have already said
the only defense that was left open to them is that of insanity,
and now that it is probable that their own alienists are of [t]he
opinion that the assassin is now [and?] was sane at the time he
shot the president, they can do nothing but submit the case on the
evidence produced by the state and see that he receives whatever
the law may provide for him.
For an hour and a half yesterday afternoon
Drs. [sic] Carlos F. McDonald, the insanity expert of New York City,
and Dr. Arthur W. Hurd, the insanity expert of the State Hospital
for the Insane, visited Czolgosz in his cell in the jail. The assassin
was as stubborn then as he has been on other occasions when other
than officers approached him. He was asleep on the bench in his
cell when the doctors called. After they had awakened him they tried
to explain to him that they had been retained by his lawyers to
ascertain on what lines a defense could be made so as to save his
But Czolgosz, after rising to his
feet, would not listen to them. Turning his back upon them he walked
to the little window at the back of his cell and looked silently
down into the courtyard. When they saw that their efforts to get
him to talk were of no avail the doctors silently watched him, taking
note of every movement. Occasionally Czolgosz would look around
to see if they were still there, but most of the time he stood silently
at the window.
Once he sat on the edge of the bench
and stared blankly a moment at the floor. Then, without looking
at the doctors, stretched himself out and with his face up, closed
his eyes in utter indifference to his callers.
The doctors tried to impress upon
him the fact that he would go on trial today for his life and that
unless he spoke to them there would be little likelihood of saving
The experts were with him until 4:45
p. m. and Sheriff Gilbert is authority for the statement that during
that time he never spoke a word to the alienists, and seemed relieved
when they were gone.
After leaving the prisoner the doctors
went at once to the office of District Attorney Penney, where they
were joined by Dr. James W. Putnam, one of the Buffalo doctors who
previously examined Czolgosz and pronounced him perfectly sane.
The conference with Mr. Penney lasted until 6:30 p. m., when all
of the gentlemen left together. They refused to say anything, but
it was evident that Mr. Penney was glad over the result of the alienists’
investigations of Czolgosz’s mental condition.
WHY REPORT TO PENNEY?
A matter which caused some comment
was the object the doctors of the defense could have in calling
upon the prosecuting attorney and remaining in conference with him
nearly two hours.
This was answered by some to the effect
that they had failed to find any evidences of insanity about the
assassin and felt it their duty to so report to the District Attorney.
On this point, however, the doctors were silent, saying they had
been instructed to say nothing to anyone.